Iran’s Macro Planning on Energy is optimized utilization of Fossil Fuel
Resources and improvement in exploitation of diversified resources of renewable
energy to supply a portion of the country’s ever increasing energy demand. Iran is among the countries with richest
resources of energy and in addition to huge reserves of fossil fuels and
nonrenewable sources of energy such as oil and gas, it enjoys a marked potential
of renewable energies such as wind, solar, biomass and geothermal.
Further to the policies drawn by Ministry of Energy, SUNA was assigned
since 1996 to implement the above objectives and acquire the up to date
information and technologies for utilization of renewable energies’ resources,
evaluate the potentials and implemente numerous projects ( Solar, wind,
geothermal, hydrogen and biomass) , guaranteed purchase and sales of
electricity generated from renewable sources with the aim of attracting private
sector’s participation in this field, study the research policies in order to
prepare the comprehensive plan for development of renewable energies in the
country and provision of knowledge and training in this field.
As of early 2000, the volume of activities of SUNA and its diversity caused
the Ministry of Energy to propose to the Council of Ministers the possibility
of SUNA to become a state organization, filling the gap of an executive body in
the government for development of renewable energies. Council of Ministers
eventually agreed with establishment of SUNA as a state company on 27.02.2000.
Worthy to mention that organizations such as Iran Nuclear Energy Organization,
Ministry of Agriculture and Iranian Fuel Conservation Organization were also
involved in this field, but with the aim of optimization and effective utilization
and exploitation of renewable energy, Supreme Administrative Council, based on
parliaments resolution on 18.12.2004, centralized all missions and legal
operations on renewable energies in Ministry of Energy and the Ministry
assigned this responsibility to SUNA as of 21.03.2005.
It is necessary to note that the responsibility of activities related to
wind operated water pumping facilities and solar water-heating systems remains
with Iranian Fuel Conservation Organization.
In late 2006, upon restructuring of Ministry of Energy and formation of
Bureau of Electricity and Energy Deputy, office of new energies which was the headquarters
of this field in the ministry, was merged into SUNA and all the staff and their
at hand projects were also transferred to SUNA office.
SUNA has taken effective steps in planning, policy making, providing
solutions and publicizing of information in this field such as:
Studying of research policies for specifying the framework of country’s
renewable energy strategy, wind and other renewable energy resources
development plan and other activities on promotion and publicizing such as
participation in exhibitions, organizing of training courses, arranging for
scientific visitations from renewable energy generation sites and publishing
books and specialty publications. At the same time, SUNA has played a key role
and effectively cooperated with the Renewable Energy Headquarters of
Vice-Presidency for Science & Technology with the aim of creating synergy
among all those having a role in promotion of renewable energy in the country.
One of the most important responsibilities of SUNA as the national focal
point and coordination center of research and operation activities in the field
of renewable energy, is creating the proper ground for study and execution of
pilot projects and design and construction of power plants with participation
of state and private sectors and outlining the proper path of access to diverse
resources of renewable energies by utilization of high capacities and
potentials of the country.
Important measures have been taken for development of renewable energies in
regard to deployment of sustainable development and we witnessed an important
event in this field in July 2015, i.e. Ministry of Energy started purchasing
the electricity generated from renewable resources at different price levels
and respective power purchase contracts previously valid for 5 years are now
increased to 20 years. More information is available in the “Power Purchase
Price from clean and Renewable Sources” section of SUNA website.
Of other measures taken in line with sustained development we can name the
allocation of specific credit line for imposing a levy of 30 Rials/KWH for
consumption of electricity (Article 69 of year 1392 [2013-2014] Budget Law) and
the permission for concluding Buyback contracts with state owned and private
sector investors using local equipment up to a ceiling of a hundred and twenty
thousand billion Rials (Article 19 of Year 1392 Budget).
It is planned for 5% of the national generation of electricity to be from